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Phlebotomy Technician

What is it?

A phlebotomy technician, also known as a phlebotomist, plays a crucial role in healthcare by drawing blood from patients for various purposes, including:

  • Diagnostic testing: Blood tests are essential for diagnosing various medical conditions, monitoring treatment progress, and screening for potential health risks.
  • Blood transfusions: Phlebotomists may draw blood for transfusions in patients requiring blood product replacement due to blood loss, injury, or certain medical conditions.
  • Blood donation: They may also work in blood donation centers, collecting blood from volunteer donors to meet the needs of patients requiring blood transfusions.

Here’s a breakdown of the key responsibilities of a phlebotomy technician:

Blood Draw Procedure:

  • Verifying patient information: Phlebotomists confirm patient identification and verify the ordered tests or procedures to ensure they are drawing the correct blood for the intended purpose.
  • Preparing the phlebotomy equipment: They gather and prepare necessary supplies like needles, syringes, blood collection tubes, tourniquets, and antiseptic wipes, ensuring all equipment is sterile and functioning properly.
  • Patient identification and site selection: They identify the patient correctly and locate suitable veins for blood draw, considering factors like patient comfort and vein accessibility.
  • Applying a tourniquet: A tourniquet is applied to the upper arm to restrict blood flow and make the vein more prominent for easier blood draw.
  • Performing the venipuncture: Phlebotomists insert the needle into a vein, carefully following established procedures and ensuring minimal patient discomfort.
  • Collecting the blood sample: They collect the required amount of blood into the appropriate tubes, ensuring proper filling and avoiding contamination.
  • Applying pressure and dressing: After removing the needle, they apply pressure to the puncture site to stop bleeding and apply a dressing to protect the area.

Additional tasks may include:

Phlebotomists properly label blood collection tubes with accurate patient information, test type, and collection time, ensuring accurate identification for testing.

Depending on the facility, they may centrifuge blood samples to separate components like plasma and serum, or prepare them for transport to the laboratory for further analysis.

They ensure the phlebotomy work area is clean, organized, and properly disinfected to prevent the spread of infections.

Phlebotomists effectively communicate with patients to explain the procedure, address any concerns, and answer questions. They also collaborate with nurses, doctors, and laboratory personnel to ensure proper communication and handling of blood samples.

* Salary Range

$35,900 - $45,500

(entry level – experienced)

* Regional Jobs Available


(3 year forecast)

Length of Training

12-13 weeks

Type of Training

In Person

Is it Right For You?

Here are some essential skills and qualities for success as a phlebotomy technician:

  • Dexterity and hand-eye coordination: Skillful handling of needles and equipment is essential for successful blood draws.
  • Compassion and ability to put patients at ease: Phlebotomists interact with patients who may be anxious or apprehensive about blood draws. Having a calm and reassuring demeanor and the ability to build rapport is crucial.
  • Attention to detail and accuracy: Following proper procedures, using sterile equipment, and accurately labeling blood samples are vital for patient safety and ensuring reliable test results.
  • Strong communication and interpersonal skills: Effective communication with patients and healthcare professionals is essential.
  • Ability to work independently and as part of a team: Phlebotomists may work independently when collecting blood but also collaborate with other healthcare professionals. 

Overall, phlebotomy technicians play a vital role in the healthcare system by providing a crucial service that supports various medical practices and diagnostic procedures. It’s a rewarding career path for individuals seeking to work directly with patients, contribute to patient care, and enter the healthcare field.

* Pay Range Data: Occupational Employment Wages Statistics (OEWS). 2023-Q3.
* Demand: Forecast data is based off national projections provided by the BoLS and adapted for regional growth patterns by Chmura.