Great Jobs KC

Sterile Processing

What is it?

A sterile processor, also known as a central service technician or sterile processing technician, plays a crucial role in preventing infections within healthcare facilities by ensuring the sterilization and proper handling of medical instruments and equipment. They work behind the scenes in sterile processing departments (SPDs), which are essentially the central hubs for cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing reusable medical tools.

Here’s a breakdown of the key responsibilities of a sterile processor:

Cleaning and Decontamination:

  • Collecting and inspecting used instruments: Sterile processors collect used surgical instruments, endoscopes, and other medical equipment from various departments within the healthcare facility. They visually inspect the equipment for visible debris, damage, or malfunctions.
  • Disassembly and pre-cleaning: They disassemble the equipment into its individual components, following established protocols to ensure thorough cleaning.
  • Manual cleaning and decontamination: Sterile processors use specialized cleaning solutions and brushes to manually clean the disassembled instruments, removing soil, blood, and other organic matter.
  • Ultrasonic cleaning: They may utilize ultrasonic cleaners to further remove contaminants and ensure a deeper clean, especially for intricate instruments with narrow crevices or lumens.


  • Preparing equipment for sterilization: Once cleaned and decontaminated, sterile processors prepare the equipment for the chosen sterilization method, which might involve wrapping them in specific materials or loading them into sterilization units.
  • Operating sterilization equipment: They operate various sterilization equipment, such as steam sterilizers or low-temperature sterilization units, following strict protocols and ensuring proper settings and cycle times.
  • Monitoring sterilization processes: Sterile processors monitor the sterilization cycles to ensure proper functioning of the equipment and temperature, or pressure readings meet established guidelines.

Quality Assurance and Inventory Management:

  • Performing sterility checks: After sterilization, sterile processors may conduct sterility checks using biological or chemical indicators to ensure the effectiveness of the sterilization process.
  • Packaging and labeling: They properly package the sterilized instruments in sterile containers, ensuring sterility is maintained during storage and transportation.
  • Maintaining inventory and records: Sterile processors manage the inventory of sterilized equipment, ensuring adequate supplies are available for surgery and other procedures. They also maintain detailed records of cleaning, sterilization, and storage procedures for each instrument.

Additionally, sterile processors may:

They may perform basic maintenance tasks and troubleshoot any minor issues with sterilization equipment, following established procedures and reporting any major issues to qualified personnel.

Sterile processors may be involved in ongoing quality control programs to monitor the effectiveness of cleaning and sterilization processes, ensuring patient safety and adherence to established protocols.

* Salary Range

$36,100 - $48,300

(entry level – experienced)

* Regional Jobs Available


(3 year forecast)

Length of Training

6-23 weeks

Type of Training

In Person/Hybrid

Is it Right For You?

Here are some essential skills and qualities for success as a sterile processor:

  • Attention to detail and accuracy: Ensuring thorough cleaning, proper sterilization, and accurate labeling is crucial for patient safety.
  • Organizational skills and ability to follow protocols: Sterile processing involves adhering to strict protocols and procedures, requiring strong organizational skills and the ability to follow instructions meticulously.
  • Teamwork and communication: Collaboration with other sterile processing technicians, nurses, and surgeons is essential for smooth operation and maintaining a sterile environment.
  • Physical stamina and ability to work in a fast-paced environment: The job may involve standing for long periods, lifting heavy equipment, and working efficiently under pressure.

Overall, sterile processors play a vital but often unseen role in healthcare by ensuring the sterility of medical instruments. It’s a rewarding career path for individuals who are detail-oriented, meticulous, and passionate about contributing to patient safety and infection prevention.

* Pay Range Data: Occupational Employment Wages Statistics (OEWS). 2023-Q3.
* Demand: Forecast data is based off national projections provided by the BoLS and adapted for regional growth patterns by Chmura.